Sandan is the third of the five Pinan Katas. This Kata introduces a
number of new techniques, including double forearm block and elbow block.
. Begin in ready stance (Shizentai/Yoi). Feet shoulder width
apart, hands forming fists placed in front of your thighs.
2. Slide your left foot to the left but keep your weight over to
the right. Bring your left arm across your lower stomach and extend
the right forward with the palm turned downwards. Turn your hips anticlockwise
and pivot on your right foot as you take up left cat stance. As you
pivot, draw back your right fist to your side and turn it palm upwards-facing.
Use this action to help power a left Jodan-Soto-Uke block.
3. Bring your right foot alongside the left but keep your knees slightly
bent and don't move your arms. Slide your right fist forward and across
your lower body, turning the palm towards you. For the moment your
left arm stays where it is. Windsreen-wiper your right arm up into
a Jodan Soto Uke and at the same time, take your left arm down the
inside and into a lower parry. Focus both blocks to a sharp and simultaneous
4. Next bring your right arm down and your left arm up to reverse
the block you have just done in step 3. Again both blocks should come
to a sharp simultaneous stop.
5. Step diagonally back with your right foot, keeping your arms still
as you do this, and Mawatte turn. Swivel your hips strongly in a clockwise
direction to face directly behind you in right cat stance. Draw your
left fist back to your side, using this action to help power a right
Jodan Soto Uke.
6. Bring your left foot alongside the right. Bring your right fist
down the inside and into a lower parry. At exactly the same time,
take your left fist up into Jodan Soto Uke.
7. Reverse your arms and perform a final double block.
8. Slide your left foot across and slightly bend your left elbow.
Don't move your right fist yet. Twist your hips into left cat stance.
As you do draw back your right fist and turn it palm upwards. Use
this action to help power Jodan Soto Uke with your left forearm.
9. Step forward into right forward stance, pull back your left fist
and perform right spear-hand strike, with the thumb side of your hand
uppermost. Aim into the canter at the base of the imaginary opponents
10. Imagine someone has caught your right wrist and you are trying
to tug it from his grasp. Put weight on your left foot and slide the
right foot across. Twist anticlockwise until you are facing completely
away in a left forward stance. Lean away, so your body is in one straight
line from right heal to back of head. Pull your right hand back and
point it downwards. Keep the same height and posture as you begin
to slide your left foot directly back.
11. Turn your hips into a shikodachi straddle stance. Draw your right
hand back to your side and close it into a fist. Perform left hammer
fist to the opponents floating ribs. It is important to synchronize
the turn with the pull back and the hammer fist, so they all happen
as one move.
12. Step into right forward stance, pulling your left fist to the
hip while rotating it to palm upwards-facing. Use this action to power
a lunge punch to the opponents mid section. Kiai.
13. Transfer weight onto your leading foot and turn anticlockwise,
drawing up your left foot as you do. Keep your fists as they are.
Complete the turn and bring your heels together but feet splayed.
Rest your fists on your hips. Keep weight over your left foot as you
slide the right forwards. Pull your right elbow back to cock it.
14. Turn strongly into Shikodachi, using this action to power a right
mid section elbow block.
15. Don't withdraw the block; instead strike out with a right hammer
fist to the imaginary opponent's floating ribs. Pull the spent hammer
fist back to your hip. Step forward with your left foot and cock your
16. Again turn strongly into Shikodachi stance and perform left elbow
17. Strike out with left hammer fist. Return the spent hammer fist
to your left hip. Pull your right elbow back, slide your right foot
forwards to turn into shikodachi.
18. Perform right elbow block.
19. Perform right hammer fist but this time don't pull it back to
20. Step forward into left forward stance, leaving your right fist
extended until the last possible instant, then draw it back strongly
as you perform a left lunge punch to the mid section. Kiai at this
21a. Step forward with your right foot but keep both fists as they
are. Your feet are about a shoulder width apart and slightly diverging.
21b. Keep your arms still as you step behind your right foot. The
stepping knee is bent and the heel is raised from the floor.
21c. Corkscrew round sharply in an anticlockwise direction, using
the action to power a simultaneous pull back of the left elbow as
the right swings forward.
22a. Look over your right shoulder. Keep your arms still as you slide
to the side with your right foot.
22b. Sharply draw back your right elbow, so the fist is palm upwards-
facing against your side. At exactly the same time, the right elbow
curls across your face and you look over it. The movement of the arms
should be crisp and focussed, with both fists spasm-clenched tightly
at the moment of impact.
23. Remain in your last stance until "Yamei" is called
by the Sensei. Once called end Kata by stepping slightly to the left
with the left foot and drawing the right slowly after it. Drop both
fists into the ready position. Pause, then revert to attention stance.